Four Frames – My Own Private Idaho (1991)

This is my latest contribution to The Big Picture, the internationally recognised website that shows film in a wider context. April marks the 400th anniversary of William Shakespeare’s death and The Big Picture is running a series of features and reviews related to the Bard. This piece is part of the Four Frames section, wherein the importance of four significant shots are discussed, in this case from Gus Van Sant’s independent cult classic My Own Private Idaho.

The Bard and Keanu Reeves didn’t exactly hit it off when one half of Bill and Ted got himself Golden Raspberry nominated for his grisly turn in Kenneth Branagh’s Much Ado About Nothing (1993).

Two years earlier, however, Reeves enjoyed far more success channelling the spirit of Shakespeare’s Prince Hal when he appeared opposite River Phoenix in Gus Van Sant’s idiosyncratic indie My Own Private Idaho.

My Own Private Idaho

The film that rivalled Betty Blue (1986) for the number of walls its poster adorned in student flats across the land is two films in one. One narrative thread centres on the introspective Mike (Phoenix), a gay street hustler who goes in search of his missing mother while succumbing to regular and extreme bouts of narcolepsy (“I’ve been tasting roads my whole life”).

The other strand is a partial retelling of Shakespeare’s Henry IV, Parts I and II, with Scott (Reeves) the charismatic best friend to Mike, who ostensibly appears to be rebelling against his rich parents but, just as Prince Hal, has an ulterior motive for his present bad behaviour.

My Own Private Idaho

Scott and Mike hang out with Bob (William Richert), a portly father figure modelled on the larger-than-life Falstaff who, like the Bard’s sublime tragi-comic creation, is given to pomposity, showmanship and self-aggrandizement, often to his own detriment. This is crystalised in a scene, lifted directly from Shakespeare’s play, where Bob waxes on about a fight he supposedly had with increasing embellishment and is humiliated by Scott who, in a subtle nod to the source material, has been drinking from a bottle of Falstaff beer.

As an affectionate kiss earlier in the film demonstrates, Bob is in love with Scott, which makes his eventual betrayal of his surrogate paterfamilias that much more heartbreaking (and Shakespearean).

Now 21 and with his birth father deceased, Scott has inherited his great wealth and turned his back on Bob and Mike. Akin to Shakespeare’s Prince, Scott has willingly chosen the responsibilities that come with his family name and, as if to rub salt into the wound, keeps his back turned to Bob as he tells the grief-stricken tramp: “There was a time when I had the need to learn from you, my former and psychedelic teacher, and although I love you more dearly than my dead father I have to turn away.”

My Own Private Idaho

Scott’s rejection is a final dagger in the heart for Bob, who dies from a fatal heart attack. Van Sant stages both funerals within yards of each other in the same cemetery. Whilst Bob’s funeral descends into chaos as Mike and his fellow street kids celebrate his life in uproarious fashion (shot in a freewheeling style reminiscent of the American New Wave), Scott looks blankly upon his former friends one last time as his father’s far more civilised service takes place.

Van Sant is credited with writing My Own Private Idaho although old Bill should probably get a name check too as swathes of the Bard’s verse from Henry IV, Parts I and II are either lifted from the play or paraphrased. As indebted as the director is to Shakespeare’s text, the cinematic influence comes from Chimes At Midnight, Orson Welles’ 1966 masterpiece that refocuses the events of the plays to the perspective of Falstaff.

My Own Private Idaho

Watching Chimes At Midnight proved to be the lightbulb moment for Van Sant as it afforded the realisation that a play about the heir to the English throne’s graduation from ne’er-do-well to king-in-waiting could work just as effectively on the streets of Portland with a group of street hustlers.

Unrequited love, deception, tragedy, loss – these are all themes common in many of Shakespeare’s works and My Own Private Idaho incorporates them all in an unbuttoned and distinctive fashion.


  1. Tom · April 18, 2016

    Nice piece. I’ve not been near this movie before but not intentionally. It has Keanu in an ostensibly different kind of role and that’s the main draw for me. Then another chance to see River Phoenix in something, after FINALLY seeing Stand By Me last year. 😉 I’m less interested with the director because of the things I’ve seen from Van Sant, I’ve really been underwhelmed. Still, there’s enough here to get me on board. And if its spirit is steeped in Shakespeare, I’m sure that’ll benefits Van Sant greatly. Also, could check out Orson Welles’ flick that you mention here.

    • Three Rows Back · April 28, 2016

      Oh man, I’m useless at getting back to comments aren’t I? Van Sant can blow hot and cold that’s for sure, but this relatively early stage of his career produced a number of interesting works; not least of this MOPI. Well worth a viewing mate.

      • Tom · April 28, 2016

        Haha! No worries dude, I might be worse. No. No wait, you are worse. 😉

      • Three Rows Back · April 28, 2016

        Can’t argue with that!

  2. ruth · April 21, 2016

    I’ve only seen bits and pieces of this, Mark, I should check out the whole thing. I didn’t know the Shakespeare connection but I do love the casting. I think people often forget that Keanu has done some bold & intriguing roles in his career, and this is one of them. It always saddens me to see pics of River Phoenix, gone far too soon. He’s such a phenomenal actor.

    • Three Rows Back · April 28, 2016

      You definitely should check out the whole thing. Indeed, Phoenix was a rare talent who left us way too early.

  3. vinnieh · April 26, 2016

    This was an immensely well written post that has piqued my interest in the film. I too think it’s such a tragedy about the untimely death of River Phoenix, he was so talented.

    • Three Rows Back · April 28, 2016

      Thanks mate! That’s very kind. Phoenix, like Heath Ledger and so many others left us way too early.

      • vinnieh · April 29, 2016

        At least there is still their movies to show their incredible talent.

  4. Mark Walker · April 26, 2016

    Great post, mate. I actually nearly watched this the other night. Not seen it for years and a rewatch is definitely on the cards.

    • Three Rows Back · April 28, 2016

      Oh really? That’s a coincidence. I hadn’t watched it for ages either but really enjoyed it mate.

      • Mark Walker · April 28, 2016

        To be honest, I did watch the first 10 mins or so. It was looking great as its been so long but I was drunk and didn’t want to spoil the revisit. I turned it off and saved it for a more sober and civilised evening. 😉

      • Three Rows Back · April 28, 2016

        Probably wise.


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